Havana's oldest square was laid out in the early 1520s, soon after the city's foundation, and was originally known as Plaza de Iglesia. The name was changed to Plaza de Armas in the late 16th century. Most of the buildings around the plaza date from the late 1700s. In the center of the square is a marble statue of Carlos Manuel de Céspedes, the man who set Cuba on the road to independence in 1868. The statue replaced one of unpopular Spanish king, Ferdinand VII.